Policies, procedures and EIAs | Suffolk Constabulary

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Policies, procedures and EIAs

Gender Pay Gap Reporting

Gender Pay Gap Reporting – Suffolk Constabulary

The Equality Act 2010 (Specific Duties and Public Authorities) Regulations 2017 set out the requirement for all public sector bodies with over 250 employees to publish and report specific figures about their gender pay gap. Similar legislation was also set out for private sector employers to provide information relating to their own gender pay gaps.  The gender pay gap is the difference between the average earnings of males and females, expressed relative to male earnings. Organisations will have to repeat this process on an annual basis.

Implications of Regulations

The regulations set out that public sector organisations must publish and report the following information on an annual basis:

  • Average gender pay gap as a mean average
  • Average gender pay gap as a median average
  • Average bonus gender pay gap as a mean average
  • Average bonus gender pay gap as a median average
  • Proportion of males receiving a bonus payment and proportion of females receiving a bonus payment
  • Proportion of males and females when divided into four groups ordered from lowest to highest pay

Results

The calculations below include all police officers and police staff. Calculations have been based upon the March 2018 pay period, which is the date in which the relevant snapshot date fell as per the legislation.

Measure 1: Mean gender pay gap

This measure is the difference between the mean (average) hourly rates of pay for male and female full pay relevant employees

Average gender pay gap as a mean average = 14.8%

Mean male hourly pay = £18.65

Mean female hourly pay = £15.89

Measure 2: Median gender pay gap

This is the difference between the median hourly rate of pay of male and female full-pay relevant employees

Average gender pay gap as a median average = 20.1%

Median male hourly pay = £18.71

Median female hourly pay = £14.96

Measure 3: Mean bonus gap

This is the difference between the mean bonus paid to male relevant employees and that paid to female relevant employees

Average (mean) bonus paid to male employees = £ 437.08

Average (mean) bonus paid to female employees = £640.24

Average bonus gender pay gap as a mean average = - 46.5%

Measure 4: Median bonus gap

This is the difference between the median bonus paid to male relevant employees and that paid to female relevant employees

Average bonus gender pay gap as a median average = - 100.0%

Measure 5: Bonus proportions

The proportions of male and female relevant employees who were paid bonus pay during the relevant period

Proportion of males receiving a bonus payment = 1.5%

Proportion of females receiving a bonus payment = 1.4%

Measure 6: Quartile Pay Bands

The proportion of male and female full-pay relevant employees in the Lower, Lower Middle, Upper Middle, and Upper pay bands.

All Officers and Staff

Male

Female

Lower Quartile

36.6%

63.4%

Lower Middle Quartile

50.6%

49.4%

Upper Middle Quartile

60.3%

39.7%

Upper Quartile

74.4%

25.6%

 

Analysis

Analysis shows that Suffolk Constabulary’s Gender Pay Gap (14.8% Mean, 20.1% Median) is largely owing to the structural make-up of the total workforce:

  • within the constabulary, on average, police officers are paid more than police staff employees;
  • there are more police officers than police staff employees; and
  • as there are significantly more male police officers than female police officers it has the effect of exacerbating the constabulary’s gender pay gap

The constabulary is not able to influence police officer pay as this is set nationally. All police staff roles are job evaluated which according to a scheme made of 13 factors, including the knowledge required to carry out the role, the responsibilities of the role and the demands placed on the post holder.

Whilst the comparison between officers and staff exacerbates the constabulary’s gender pay gap, underlying this there remains a ‘traditional’ gender pay gap, which is reflective of the proportions of officers and staff within each quartile as detailed above, in that:

  • the difference between the mean (average) hourly rates of pay for male police officers and female police officers is 7.5%
  • the difference between the mean (average) hourly rates of pay for male police staff and female police staff is 8.2%

The difference between mean and median is because the mean pay data takes greater account of the (relatively) small number of individual high earners that pull the mean pay for females towards the mean pay for males.

The legislation also requires the constabulary to report on their Bonus Gender Pay Gap. Bonuses for police officers are paid for unpleasant tasks and police regulations allow between £50 and £500. Police staff bonuses (known as honorariums) are for additional work or responsibilities. Given the number of bonus payments paid is quite small, the figures provided should be used with some caution.

Conclusion

The constabulary continues to work to address the gender pay gap. There are key measures in place to help with this work including the following:

  • Unless there are significant business reasons for not doing so, all police staff advertisements are advertised as being available as a job share or part time
  • Flexible Working across the constabulary is heavily utilised, and supported by senior officers and staff in order to ensure that officers and staff with caring responsibilities are supported and to encourage a good worklife balance.
  • All police staff roles are “job evaluated” which ensures that roles are evaluated according on a scheme involving 13 factors, including knowledge required to carry out the role, the responsibilities of role and the demands placed on the post holder.
  • The constabulary prioritises employee wellbeing, having signed up to the Mind Blue Light Pledge in 2017, and have an Employee Assistance Programme which has a wide range of services to provide a  mental health and wellbeing support to all officers and staff
  • The constabulary has a staff support group, SAWP dedicated to supporting women within the workplace. This is chaired by senior leaders within the organisation, and continues to raise and identify issues, obstacles and challenges affecting females in policing.

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